Bourgogne rouge comes from the Pinot Noir grape whose name can be traced back as far as 1375 and which gives birth to all the great red wines of Burgundy. It is delicate, highly valued and needs careful looking after during the growing season. The appellation BOURGOGNE ROUGE dates from 1937 and is grown in 299 communes throughout winegrowing Burgundy. The Bourgogne Pinot Noir grows and flourishes near more prestigious crus. These close neighbors are separated by only hundreds or sometimes even as little as tens of meters. The vineyards tend to be located along the foot of the wine-growing slopes on limestone soils mixed with some clays and marls. The soils are stony, rocky even, and quick-draining.